Original Research

Threshold capital structure and predictors of choice between distribution strategies

Mpinda F. Mvita, Leon M. Brummer, Hendrik P. Wolmarans
Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences | Vol 14, No 1 | a679 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jef.v14i1.679 | © 2021 Mpinda Freddy Mvita, Leon Marx Brummer, Hendrik Petrus Wolmarans | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 April 2021 | Published: 29 October 2021

About the author(s)

Mpinda F. Mvita, Department of Financial Management Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Leon M. Brummer, Department of Financial Management Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Hendrik P. Wolmarans, Department of Financial Management Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: The determination of a threshold capital structure and company specific attributes as predictors of choice between distribution strategies is crucial in the creation of shareholders’ wealth.

Research aim: To investigate whether the change in regimes given a threshold capital structure maximises distribution strategies over the period 1990–2017 and 1999–2017. In addition, the study examined how the capital ratio and company specific attributes were used in the process of choosing between distribution strategies.

Motivation for the study: The need to determine the impact of the capital ratio within different regions on distribution strategies motivated this study. In addition, the majority of studies on predictors of choice between distribution strategies have ignored the dual and the no distribution policy alternatives relative to share repurchases.

Research approach/design and method: all the data used in this research were sourced from the Iress data bases. The research employed an advanced panel threshold regression estimation and a multinomial logistic regression (pooled and fixed effects using the generalised structural equation model).

Main findings: Firstly, over the period 1990–2017 the empirical results revealed the existence of a single threshold effect between the debt-to-equity ratio and the dividend payments, and a double threshold effect between the total debt based on the book value and the dividend payment. Secondly, the choice between distribution strategies was driven by company specific attributes.

Practical/managerial implication: These findings provide useful insights to South African managers for formulating and maximizing pay-out decisions.

Contribution/value-add: The study contributes to the scant body of knowledge on the effect of threshold capital ratio and company specific attributes on distribution strategies.


Keywords

threshold capital structure; predictors of choice; distribution strategy; South African context; generalised structural equation

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